Furfura Sharif

Furfura Sharif (also known as Furfura, Phurphura) (Bengali: ফুরফুরা শরীফ) is a village in Jangipara community development block of Srirampore subdivision in Hooghly District in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a holy place for Muslims.

History

The mosque built by Muqlish Khan in 1375 is a site for Muslim pilgrimage, especially during the Pir’s mela (fair). It attracts large number of pilgrims during Urs festival.

 Muslims in the area are believed to be chiefly Ashrafs and are said to be descendants of Muslims who invaded Bengal in the 14th century. There is a tradition that the Bagdi king who ruled here was defeated by Hazrat Shah Kabir Halibi and Hazrat Karamuddin, both of whom were killed in the battle. Their tombs are revered to this day by both Hindus and Muslims.

The most important place within Furfura Sharif is the Mazaar Sharif (Tomb) of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique(Rh) and his five sons, popularly known as the ‘Panch Huzur Keblah’. Thousands of people from all over India come to visit their tombs every year.

The Sufi Saint Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Rh) who founded the order of Furfura-Sharif was not only a religious preacher but also Mujadded-e-Zaman or Social & Religious Reformer of an era. He was better known by this title.
Mujadded-e-Zaman Hazrat Abu Bakar Siddique was born in 1845 in Furfura-Sharif. He devoted his life to the eradication of social evils and indulged himself into countless social work. He founded many charitable institutes, orphanages and free health center. He was also a great educationist who realized that it is through education he can free the society of all evils and so he founded several madrasas, schools and learning centers. In Furfura Sharif he established Madrasa, along with free boarding facilities for the underprivileged students. He encouraged female education by establishing a School for girls in Furfura Sharif. He use to say “A writers pen was more divine than hundred martyrs”, so he patronized many Islamic journals and newspapers, one of them was a weekly newspaper in Bengali “MUSLIM HITAISHI”. He was a great patriot and was involved in the freedom struggle of India.

Well-read and forever tolerant, Hazrat Abu Bakar had disciples all over West Bengal, Assam, Bihar & Bangladesh. His disciples comprised of not only Muslims but also people from all communities. His contributions were recognized by several historians and literati. A journal, “The Muslim Digest”, published from Durban in South Africa, acknowledges him as an “illustrious, religious leader- fearless, God intoxicated and selfless as a preacher, he would never attack other religions….and endeared himself to people from other communities and castes”. In the year 1939 17th march he passed away leaving behind his five worthy sons who were well versed in Islamic Theology, millions of mourners all over the globe and a mission-“to serve the people”.

Qayum-e-Jaman Abdul Hai Siddique was the eldest son. He attended religious conferences and seminars. Along with preaching Islam he involved himself in lot of social work and found many social and educational institutions. He founded an Islamic journal ‘Neda-e-Islam’ which is still in circulation.

Mujadded’s second son was Mufti-e-Azam Abu Zafar Siddique, who was a great Islamic scholar and writer of his time. He penned more than hundred books on Islamic Sharia and Jurisprudence. Also indulged into many social and charitable works he had patronized many learning centers and madrasas

Mujahid-e-Millat Abdul Qader Siddique was the third son of Hazrat Abu Bakar. He attended people in his home, where they flocked to him to find solutions to the worldly as well as religious problems. Hazrat was also very generous & could never see people in pain, he did lot for the downtrodden and poor. He died at a very young age of 31years.

Mujadded’s forth son was Sultanul Arefin Najmus Saadat Siddique. After attaining his basic Islamic education. He started cultivating spiritual knowledge in him through regular meditation, Zikr, Ziaraht etc. He became master of spiritual knowledge. People would flock to him to gain knowledge of ‘Tasauf’ i.e. Spiritualism. He was also involved in lot of social works and founded charitable organization; he was also the president of a Journal “Mujadded” in its early stage, and a social organization known as the “Mujadded Mission” which still in existence. Hazrat Nazmus Saadat also nurtured the study of English language in the young generation.

Sultanul Waizin Zulfikar Ali Siddique was the youngest of Hazrat Abu Bakar’s Sons, endowed with excellent oratory skills; he mesmerized his parishioners through his style of oration and command over language. He tirelessly attended conferences and seminars through out Bengal, Assam & Bangladesh for the social uplift and religious cause.

With the sad demise of Hazrat Abu Zafar on 27th October 2002, who was the only surviving son of Hazrat Abu Bakar, an end of a generation dawned over Furfura Sharif. But the Hazrat Abu Bakar’s mission is still being carried by his grandsons and devoted followers. He before his demise had started an annual congregation which is still continued on the 21st 22nd and 23rd of Falgun Bengali month (Aprox 5th, 6th & 7th of March) every year by his grandsons and will be continued by the generation to come.

Geography
Furfura is located at 22°44′N 88°08′E / 22.74°N 88.13°E / 22.74; 88.13

Villages in Furfura panchayat are as follows: Furfura, Purba Durgapur, Gopalnagar, Hosenpur, Dakshindihi, Rampara, Toralpur, Chak Barada, Belpara, Ramnagar, Nilarpur, Chaurpur, Bakcha, Kashipur, Ramchandrapur, Hazipur, and Bhimpur.

Demographics
Furfura had a population of 6,720 out of which 1,133 belonged to scheduled castes and 195 belonged to scheduled tribes.

Education
Furfura High Madrasah, established in 1908 by Hazrat Abu bakr Siddique (RH), is the oldest high madrasah in the district.

The Calcutta Madrasah controls three other “madrasah colleges” in the state — the “colleges” at Batna (in Malda district), Beldanga (in Murshidabad district) and Furfura Sharif. With the introduction of “modern subjects” including computer application, the teachers for these colleges will now be recruited through the Public Service Commission.